Top 5 Important Hormones in Human Body and Their Functions

Top 5 Important Hormones in Human Body and Their Functions

Human body is a machine. It’s built from the complex structure of bones, muscles, organs, veins and glands. Hormones in the body play an important role, they are the body’s chemical messengers. A major working of them is to travel through the bloodstream to reach tissues or organs. Perhaps you might not know about it, hormones can affect many processes, such as – 

  • Overall growth 
  • Metabolism 
  • Mood 
  • Reproduction 

Hormones are built in endocrine glands. Some of the major glands producing hormones are pituitary, pineal, thymus, thyroid, adrenal gland and pancreas. Apart from that, male body also produces testosterone and women produce estrogen. Hormones can be so powerful that only a tiny amount of change can lead to a massive change in the body. Certainly, hormone imbalance can be a serious issue.

That’s why it is important to have a balanced diet by adding supplements. You can learn more about boosting testosterone levels to understand how they work and how they can benefit your body and mind. Also, you must learn about different types of hormones. 

Growth Hormone 

In the human body there are a plethora of hormones, growth hormone is one of them. As the name suggests, GH controls the growth of your overall body. It is secreted by cells called somatotroph, present in anterior pituitary. It plays a major role in controlling various complex physiologic processes, which include growth and metabolism. 

Melatonin 

Melatonin is also called a sleep hormone. It’s also one of the central parts of the body’s sleep structure or cycle. When it is present in a balanced quantity in the body, your sleep is sound, deep and very relaxing. Otherwise, you’d feel sleepless, or wake up twice-thrice in the middle of sleep. Humans produce it naturally, but you can take melatonin from natural sources as well. 

Testosterone 

The hormone is present in the human body as well as in animals. Testosterone plays a role in muscle mass and fat burning. That said, it also affects the mood. When it’s low in count, you’d feel less energy, low self-esteem, thinner bones and a feeling of depression. You can balance it with regular exercise, diet and rest. Apart from that, learn more about these supplements to boost your testosterone level. 

Serotonin 

Another hormone responsible for your mood and feeling is called serotonin. It’s one of the key hormones and acts like a stabilizer of the overall sense of well-being, happiness, mood and feeling. It is made from essential amino acids which are commonly found in food items such as cheese, red meat, and nuts. In case serotonin is low in your body, you’d feel anxious and depressed. 

Norepinephrine 

Also called as noradrenaline or noradrenaline, it’s an organic chemical which is both a hormone as well as a neurotransmitter. It affects both the brain and body. The major function of it is to mobilize the brain and body for action. During sleep it is released in small quantities. That said, in fight-or-flight situations, it is released at much higher levels. Norepinephrine induces alertness, enhances formation and retrieval of memory. 

Habits that can affect your hormones

  • Not getting enough sleep 
  • Consuming caffeine after late afternoon 
  • Eating a lot of ‘fat-free’ food 
  • Using too much sanitizer 
  • Working out too much
  • Not taking time out 

Wrapping Up

Living a healthy lifestyle sometimes goes beyond training and having a balanced meal. Also, it is important for good habits to prevent any hormonal imbalance. In case you believe you are going through an imbalance, then ensure to visit a doctor to check it out. That said, a stressful environment leads to hormonal disparity. In day-to-day life, keep a check on your stress levels.